Chronic hip pain is a condition that impairs daily activities while affecting the patient’s quality of life. It results in mild or severe physical discomfort around the hip area. The prevalence of hip pain increases with age. It typically occurs due to an injury or a pre-existing condition like arthritis.
Symptoms of chronic hip pain in adults include soreness, tenderness, swelling, and redness.
Conditions that Cause Chronic Hip Pain
Below are some of the most common conditions that can cause hip pain.
Arthritis is a common cause of chronic long-term hip pain in adults. This condition results in stiff and tender joints, pain, and difficulty walking. Arthritis causes inflammation of the hip joint and the breakdown of the cartilage that shields the hip bones. Various types of arthritis that cause hip pain include;
- Infectious arthritis: caused by a joint infection that destroys the cartilage.
- Osteoarthritis: occurs due to age-related wearing down of the joints’ cartilage.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disorder in which your body attacks the protective lining around the joint, causing fluid build-up. This results in stiffness, swelling, and pain in the hip. Rheumatoid arthritis destroys joint cartilage and bone, causing joint pain and discomfort.
2. Hip Fracture
Hip fractures are cracks and breaks in the femur – a thigh bone close to the hip joint. An injury or a fall to the side of the hip may cause a hip fracture. Sometimes, hip fractures occur due to health conditions like cancer that weakens the bones.
Older adults and those with osteoporosis are more likely to get hip fractures, resulting in chronic hip pain. Hip fractures result in sudden and severe hip pain, often requiring immediate medical attention. In most cases, patients require surgery to correct hip fractures and alleviate chronic hip pain.
3. Trochanteric Bursitis
Trochanteric bursitis occurs due to the inflammation of the bursa (a liquid-filled sack close to the hip joint). Joint overuse, hip injury, and posture problems are the common causes of trochanteric bursitis. These repetitive activities irritate or overwork the hip joint causing inflammation of the bursa.
Although people of all ages can suffer from trochanteric bursitis, the condition is prevalent in middle-aged and older people.
4. Avascular Necrosis (Osteonecrosis)
Osteonecrosis occurs due to a limited blood supply to the hip bone, killing the bone tissue. The condition mainly affects the hips, causing pain
Causes of avascular necrosis include hip dislocation or fracture, heavy use of steroid medication, and cancer treatments.
5. Labral Tears
The labrum is the cartilage ring that keeps the thighbone ball in place. Labral tears are common in athletes and ballerinas and cause chronic hip limiting movement.
You may feel like your hip is locking, clicking, or catching when you suffer from labral tears. Usually, pain from labral tears doesn’t go away. Minimally invasive surgery can correct labral tears to alleviate chronic hip pain.
Inflammation or irritation of the tendon is common in older adults and can cause chronic hip pain. Those suffering from tendinitis experience pain, mild swelling, and tenderness, especially when moving the affected hip.
Some causes of tendinitis include repetitive motions, awkward positions, forceful exertions, and engaging in sports activities.
7. Bone Cancer
Bone cancer is due to the abnormal growth of bone cells in your body. Chronic hip pain is one of the major symptoms of bone cancer in the hip. Some patients experience a mass or swelling in the hip.
Radiation exposure and hereditary factors have been linked to bone cancer that causes joint pain in the hip.
Get Relief From Your Chronic Hip Pain
This condition mainly affects older adults. It may hinder your daily activities and decrease your quality of life. Some conditions behind chronic hip pain include hip fracture, arthritis, trochanteric bursitis, and avascular necrosis. If you experience pain or discomfort in your hip, seek immediate medical assistance. You can book an appointment with us by contacting us on our website.